ARDS > Overview
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Welcome to the learning module on Acute Lung Injury/Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS). Management of the ARDS patient can be challenging, especially when the patient's critical illness is complex. Nurses can gain competency in patient management by understanding a few key principles of this serious complication.

Learning Objectives:

  1. Define ALI and ARDS
  2. Describe Pathophysiology
  3. Describe signs and symptoms of ARDS
  4. Describe Diagnostic Interventions for identifying ARDS
  5. Discuss Collaborative Management of ARDS


  • Fanelli, V., Vlachou, A., Ghannadian, S., Simonetti, U., Slutsky, A. and Zhang, H. (2013). Acute respiratory distress syndrome: new definition, current and future therapeutic options. Journal of Thoracic Disease, 5 (3), 326-334.

  • Kalanuria, A., Zai, W. and Mirski, M. (2014).Ventilator Associated Pneumonia in the ICU. Critical Care, 18:208. Retrieved August 10, 2016 from:

  • Matthay, M., Ware, L. and Zimmerman, G. (2012). The acute respiratory distress syndrome. The Journal of Clinical Investigation, 122 (8). 2731-2740. Retrieved August 11, 2016 from:

  • National Institutes of Health (NHLBI). ARDS Network. Retrieved August 9, 2016 from:

  • Rooney, J. (2016) Personal Communication: August 11, 2016. Horizon Health Network Saint John Area Respiratory Therapy Department.

  • Schwartz, D., Malhotra, A. and Kacmarek, R. (2016). Prone ventilation for adults with acute respiratory distress syndrome. Retrieved August 16, 2016 from UptoDate:

  • Urden, L., Stacy, K. and Lough, M. (2017) Critical Care Nursing: Diagnosis and Management (8th Ed). 2006. St. Louis: Mosby.
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