General Geriatric Assessment > Overview
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This module describes the physiological changes to consider when assessing the geriatric patient.

Learning Objectives

After successful completion of this module, you will be able to:

  • Describe the physiologic changes unique to the geriatric patient
  • Discuss how the physiological changes affect patient assessment


Bickley, L.S. and Szilagyi, P.G. (2003). An overview of physical examination and history taking. Bates’ Guide to Physical Assessment and History Taking (pp, 1-19) (8th ed). Philadelphia; Lippincott.

Danter, J. H., Geriatic assessment. Nursing 2003, 33 (12), 52-55.

Lilley, L.L., Harrington, S. & Snyder, S. (2005) Pharmacology and the nursing process (Fourth Edition). St-Louis, Missouri: Mosby. Chapter 3.

Swartz, M.H., (2006), Texbook of physical diagnosis. History and examination (5th  Edition). Philadelphia: Saunders. Chapter 25.

Wall, M. H., & al (2006) Rosen’s emergency medicine: concept and clinical practice (Sixth Edition) Philadelphia: Mosby. Volume 3. Chapter 181.

Zembrzuski, C. D., (2001). Clinical companion for assessment of the older adult. Canada: Delmar.

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