OB Emergencies > Overview
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This module provides an introduction to obstetrical emergencies that could occur in the emergency department and in critical care settings.

Learning Objectives

After successfully completing this module, you will be able to:

  • Discuss the anatomy and physiology of the mother and fetus
  • Identify highly sensitive periods of fetal development
  • Describe the major events in fetal development
  • List postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) risk factors
  • Discuss causes of PPH
  • Identify the signs of PPH
  • Discuss managment of PPH
  • Define DIC in pregnancy
  • Discuss hypertensive disorders in pregnancy
  • Describe the nursing interventions associated with perinatal loss


Alexander, K. (2001).  “The one thing you can never take away” perinatal bereavement
     Photographs.  MCN, 26, (3), 123-127.

Arafeh, J.M.R. (1997).  Disseminated intravascular coagulation in pregnancy:  An update, Journal of Perinatal and Neonatal Nursing, 11 (3), 30-45.   

Berman, M. (2009).  Finding the right words after pregnancy loss. Contemporary OBGYN, 54 (3), 46-49.

Capitulo, K. (2005). Evidence for healing interventions with perinatal bereavement.
     MCN, 30, (6), 389-396.

Davidson, M., London, M. & Ladewig, P. (2008).  Olds’ maternal-newborn nursing
     and women’s health across the lifespan (8th ed.)  Upper Saddle River, NJ:  Pearson:
     Prentice Hall.

Hutti, M.H. (2005). Social and professional support needs of families after perinatal loss.
     JOGNN, 34 (5), 630-638.

Ladewig, P., London, M. & Davidson, M. (2009)  Contemporary maternal-newborn
    nursing care (7th ed.).  Upper Saddle River, NJ:  Pearson Education, Inc.

Ladewig, P., London, M., Moberly, S. & Olds. S.. (2002).  Contemporary maternal-
     newborn nursing care  (5th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ:  Prentice Hall. 

Leaton, M.B., & Martin, P.S. (2001).  Dealing with coagulopathies of PIH, Nursing 2001,  
     31 (3), 32cc1-32cc5.

Lowdermilk, D., Perry, S., & Bobak, I.. (1999).  Maternity nursing (5th ed.).
    St. Louis, MO:  Mosby, Inc

Lowdermilk, D.,  Perry, S., & Bobak, I. (2003).  Maternity nursing (6th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Mosby, Inc.

Mandeville, L., & Troiano, N..(1999). AWHONN’s High risk critical care intrapartum nursing (2nd ed.) Philadelphia: Lippincot.

Martin, P.S., & Leaton, M.B. (2001). Amniotic fluid embolism, AJN, 101 (3), 43-44.

Olds, S., London, M., Ladewig, P., & Davidson, M., (2004).  Maternal-newborn
     nursing & women’s health care (7th ed.).  Upper Saddle River, NJ:  Prentice Hall.

Overview of postpartum hemorrhage retrieved from Uptodate August 7th, 2018 https://www.uptodate.com/

Simpson, K., & Creehan, P., (2001).  AWHONN’s Perinatal nursing (2nd ed.).
     Philadelphia:  Lippincott.


Required Readings

In addition to the course textbook, read:

Chichester M. When your patient is from the obstetric department: postpartum hemorrhage and massive transfusion. [Journal Article, Case Study, Tables/Charts] Journal of PeriAnesthesia Nursing. 2005 Jun; 20(3): 167-76. (22 ref)
AN: 2005113299.

MacMullen NJ. Dulski LA. Meagher B. Red alert: perinatal hemorrhage. [Journal Article, Pictorial, Tables/Charts] MCN: The American Journal of Maternal/Child Nursing. 2005 Jan-Feb; 30(1): 46-51. (32 ref)
AN: 2005047576.

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